Well,that’s a question each one should ask themselves, the ones who absolutely believe in the ideology of powering the world with green sources of energy and gradually minimizing the hazardous effects of fossil fuel energy that is accounted for a large proportion of the climate change. Just like any other source of energy ,nuclear energy also bears it own pros and cons .There’s nothing in the world that comes without a risk, it is only up to us, given the choice that we have ,to make the right one and learn from our faults. Given the surge in technology ,pioneering ideas in the field of energy and the digital age upon us what better than to utilize the resources to the fullest only for the better. The question to the world out there is are we entirely harnessing the full potential of the green energy sources? Then why are we still highly dependent on fossil fuel energy? These are questions that we leave you to ponder on.
As we dive right into nuclear energy, the first thought to have struck everyone’s mind could probably be oh!radiation,nuclear wastes! Not economical! , perhaps, even a no way! However we may sometimes fail to understand why we are filled with such reservations. Alongside development of ingenious & sophisticated technologies, there must and should a word of awareness with empirical proven facts & figures. When we aren’t aware how will the world progress in unity? It is far better to know the right facts and make a choice rather than not knowing at all. Taking all this into account an effort has been made to address certain myths that have been tagged with nuclear energy for far too long.Being able to enlighten even the smallest proportion of the total population would mean being able to contribute to the world as we leave it with a choice.
This addresses the fact that the utilization of fossil fuel energy is still on the high and the current renewable energy sources are not sufficient to account for a larger share of electricity generation. Nuclear energy despite ,the very many benefits that it offers ,are still not considered as sufficient pros to replace fossil fuel energy. Another aspect is that of costs and expertise required in this field which is why a lot of reservations are held. We’re going to be busting this myth by presenting facts based on parameters such as CO2 emissions, particle release, waste disposal recyclability, etc.
Here is the representation of the total number of fossil fuels and uranium reserves that have been present so far and to what extent it is being exploited/consumed .The lengths on the batteries indicate the number of years for which it can still be used.The metrics taken into consideration are tonnes.However when we consider individual batteries it can be observed that oil and coal reserves are being exploited way more than the uranium reserves and that is particularly indicated by the red bars:most exploitation & green bars:least exploitation.
Without any doubt, these renewable energy resources are more environmental friendly as compared to fossil fuel energy .This would totally account for 28% of the total electricity that is generated from solar wind and hydroelectric energy. However fossil fuels energy still account for the single largest source of electricity i.e. around 63.3%.To be able to fill in the gaps and reach at least half the electricity production from green energy sources nuclear energy is a source that can provide that support and will help compliment the other sources of energy to reach that goal.
Below is a mind map as to understanding the solar,wind ,hydro and nuclear based on the following parameters i.e.,annual investments,social impact,capacity factor and the percentage share of these energy sources.The entire objective of considering this particular set of data is its ability to correlate with the fact that nuclear energy could have the potential to complement the other renewable energy sources.The approximate figures that have been mentioned ,in a way ,allows people to understand the current status and thereby areas of improvement in the near future.
There is a high potential for increase in annual investments in the field of nuclear energy given its high capacity factor, lesser restrictions In terms of land occupation, and less dependence on weather conditions;Unlike solar and wind that are highly dependent on sunlight and an efficient rate of wind,nuclear energy on the other hand can be harnessed without any specific weather dependency. It is essential that to prevent the drastic effects of climate change we must try and adopt all possible ways of clean energy and to be open to newer ways of approaching a problem and given the benefits that it offers,by safe understanding and maintenance nuclear energy could be one of the solutions.
Lastly,Awareness leads to knowledge and knowledge leads to employment and thereby increase in investments. So investments in cleaner and greener technologies could lead to a better outcome.
This being one of the most important myths, is something that must be given a lot of importance to. Ensuring that the world is on the constant know -how about the happenings in the field of nuclear energy. It is a subject ,that has various facets to it and making sure that they are addressed the right way by the associated organizations is a must. Considering this a survey was taken up titled nuclear energy: a way forward? With 5 crucial questions that matter most. This has assisted us in understanding a global perspective of nuclear energy solutions. Initially it was considered that people in general were too afraid to accept nuclear energy ,however, surprisingly the results show otherwise.
We did a survey in CERN Webfest 2021 and the answers so far are as follows
Based on the graph created on responding to the 1st question it can estimate that 50.4% of the people agree that all four sources combined can account for a single primary source of energy in the future. This shows that half the people do believe in nuclear energy as a potential source that will help complement the other renewable sources of energy
It can be estimated from the graph that there is an equal proportion of response for whether nuclear energy will become the primary source of energy.
It can be estimated that almost 46.6% of the people believe that there will be on 20% increase in the next 5 years This is probably due to a number of factors such as: Lower employment rate, Awareness, Investments and Country economy
From this we can estimate that approximately 36.6% are willing to invest in the nuclear energy solution if given an opportunity
From this we can estimate that more than half the people are against or wouldn’t want the local authorities to build the nuclear reactor in their neighborhoods.
From this we can estimate that 38.9% of people consider the ill effects of nuclear energy to be equivalent to that fossil fuel energy source
Though massive, the explosions at Chernobyl killed only two plant operators directly and reportedly prompted a third to die of a heart attack. By comparison, 28 workers and firefighters succumbed to acute radiation poisoning during the first few months of the clean-up, and dozens of others were badly sickened
Major releases of nuclear radioactive material (radioactive gases, condensed particles and nuclear fuel particles, collectively referred to as radionuclides) continued for 10 days after the accident. It is estimated that a total of 14 exabecquerel (EBq)2 (1 EBq = 10^8 nuclear decays) of radioactive substances were released. Because of their size, fuel particles and larger particles (containing mostly strontium and plutonium) were deposited less than 100 km away from the reactor.
Most radioactive elements released had short half-lives and have thus long decayed away, while long-lived radionuclides were released in much smaller amounts.. However, the releases affected large areas of Europe to some degree. Over 200 000 km2 , of which 71% are in the three most affected countries (Belarus, Russia and Ukraine) were contaminated with caesium-137, which has a 30-year half-life
Thousands of children who drank irradiated milk contracted thyroid cancer, at least 15 of whom ended up dying. Chernobyl almost certainly caused other premature cancer deaths as well, though the number remains hotly disputed. In 2005, the United Nations-backed Chernobyl Forum predicted that the accident would claim up to 4,000 lives in total
About 36 hours after the accident, the Soviet authorities started evacuating some 115,000 people who lived nearby, though not before many had already begun to suffer from vomiting and headaches. Believing they would soon be allowed to return home, they left behind assorted pets and valuables.
Much to their surprise, however, all land within an 18.6-mile radius of the plant was subsequently closed off, and checkpoints were established to control access. This so-called exclusion zone was expanded in later years, leading to the evacuation of an additional 220,000 people. Though a few hundred residents have returned illegally, the vast majority of the area remains devoid of humans
On the night of April 25-26, 1986, Soviet technicians initiated a turbine test on Unit 4 just prior to a routine shut down for maintenance. In order to perform the test, they unwisely disabled the emergency core cooling system and other key safety equipment. A chain of operating mistakes then ensued, resulting in a build-up of steam that caused the reactor to overheat.
At 1:23 a.m., two to three rapid-fire explosions blew its steel and concrete lid right off and sent a fireball shooting high into the sky. This initial release of radioactive material was then compounded by several fires that broke out, including one inside the reactor core that raged for 10 days. All told, the accident at Chernobyl released at least 100 times more radiation than the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The accident at a nuclear power plant in Ukraine shocked the world, permanently altered a region, and leaves many questions unanswered pertaining to its extent of impact. An incident that took place on April 25 and 26, 1986. It is what is now northern Ukraine as a reactor at a nuclear power plant exploded and burned. The disaster took place near the city of Chernobyl in the former USSR, which invested heavily in nuclear power after World War II.
Starting in 1977, Soviet scientists installed four RBMK nuclear reactors at the power plant, which is located just south of what is now Ukraine’s border with Belarus. Below is an exciting quiz pertaining to a lot of detailed facts regarding this catastrophic event. You can expect interesting facts as well, perhaps something that you weren’t aware of.